how to say con·crete (kŏn-krēt′)

Afrikaans        konkrete

Arabic            الخرسانة

Armenian      բետոն

Basque         hormigoia

Belarusian     бетон

Bengali          জমাটবদ্ধ

Bosnian         beton

Bulgarian      бетон

Catalan         concret

Chinese
Traditional    具體

Croatian       beton

Czech           konkrétní

Danish          beton

Dutch           betonnen

Esperanto        konkreta

Estonian       betoon

Filipino            kongkreto

Finnish         betoni

French          béton

Galician        concreto

Greek            σκυρόδεμα

Hebrew          בֵּטוֹן

Hindi              ठोस

Hungarian     konkrét

Icelandic       steypu

Irish               coincréite

Italian            calcestruzzo

Japanese      コンクリート

Korean          콘크리트

Lao                ຄອນກີດ

Latin                 rebus

Latvian          betona

Lithuanian     betono

Malay               konkrit

Maori               raima

Nepali              ठोस

Persian             بتن

Portuguese     concreto

Russian           бетон

Sesotho          hahiloeng ka konkreite

Somali            la taaban karo

Spanish           hormigón

Swahili            thabiti

Swedish          betong

Ukrainian        бетон

Vietnamese   bê tông

Yiddish            באַטאָנען  

Welsh              concrid

Zulu                 ukhonkolo  

inspiration #1

Hello concrete admirers, followers & lovers !!

Today we are dedicating our ispiration post to designer Willy Guhl and his 1954 design piece Garden Chair


Production: 1954 - 80
Manufacturer: Eternit AG,
Niederurnen, Switzerland
Size: 54.5 x 54.5 x76.5 cms;
seat height 11cms
Material: fibrated concrete,
subsequently given a surface seal

Willy Guhl was a pioneer of industrial design in Switzerland.
He created a number of designs for Eternit: window boxes, a spindle-shaped standing ashtray, and a beach and garden chair, which is unique in the history of furniture design. After participating in the 1948 MoMA competition entitled “Low-Cost Furniture Design,” he began working with casts of the human body and ergonomically shaped shells for reclining chairs. While previous work with laminated wood had already yielded two-dimensionally shaped chair shells, fibrated concrete – not a material typically associated with furniture-making – afforded new possibilities that Willy Guhl turned to his best advantage.
Fibrated concrete was manufactured in slabs with machines and was used for building houses. The method of processing the chair corresponds to the dimensions of these slabs, which were shaped directly after they had been pressed while still moist.
Thus, production was inexpensive and required fewer materials. Because the composite material offered great resistance to breakage and exceptional tensile strength, supporting structures were no longer required, and thanks to statics there were few limitations on the form. So the design could be minimalist, rendering the elegantly curved, absolutely weatherproof chair nearly an abstract sculpture.
The new leisure culture of the postwar era gave rise to the need for inexpensive, practical outdoor seating. At the same time, the chair is suggestive of interiors of the sixties and seventies, with their similar curved forms. Fibrated cement has not been used since the end of the seventies, when it was discovered that the asbestos it contains is a carcinogen.
Willy GuhI’s chair was also affected by this discovery: one of the last known copies was to be included in the MoMA design collection, but was promptly sent back following the discovery that the chair contained asbestos.
The Vitra Design Museum has sealed the surface of its copy so that a piece of design history may be preserved.

source : www.design-museum.de